It might be nice to rug up and stay indoors on those cool days, but in the garden awaits plenty of winter gardening jobs.

The air is crisp and the sky grey; it’s the perfect time to get outside to give your garden a little TLC. From tidying the fallen leaves to planting new season’s crops, you’ll warm up quickly with these winter gardening jobs.

Winter pruning

Winter is one of the best times to prune your plants as most are dormant or they’re coming to the end of flowering. Pruning will remove dead wood and old flower heads as well as encourage new growth.

Shrubs that bloom in summer, like hydrangeas, will be due for a good prune. With your sharp secateurs, cut away old flower heads and remove any dead growth. With your more mature plants, you can afford to be bolder to address overcrowding and open up the plant.

Early winter is a great time to prune your roses by cutting away a quarter of the stems to create an opening center. Again, be brave with your roses by pruning them back to the graft point. Ground cover grasses could also benefit from a good trim.

As winter progresses, you can give your perennials and deciduous plants a good prune close to the base of the shrub, leaving three buds. Towards the end of winter, cut back any climbers such as bougainvillea and climbing roses. Remove the oldest stems, leaving a few buds before tieing up any untrained growth.

Winter tidying and raking

As the deciduous leaves fall,  there’s plenty of work that will warm you up. Collect any cuttings, leaves, small twigs, and bark to throw into a compost heap or create a mulch. Use dry dead wood and sticks to set your outdoor fire pit, barbecue or indoor fireplace.

Check out more ways to warm up your outdoor space here.

Improve your soil

Winter is the ideal time to improve the condition of your soil. Nourishing your soil will give your plants the best chance at life by supporting their growth as they establish. You can find a handy guide on how to improve your garden’s soil this winter here.

Plant new season crops

Winter gardening is all about tidying up and planting new season crops of vegetables, natives and flowering shrubs. Annuals can also be potted up to provide an instant pop of colour.

For those in temperate climates, now’s the time to plant garliclettuce, mustard greens, and snow peas. Later in winter, you can sow your onion, parsnip, potatoes, and beetroot.

You can also plant bulbs in late autumn and early winter that will flower in spring. If you’ve missed the deadline, planting blubs at the end of winter will give you a display of colour during the summer.